Perspective of Sudanese Women Infected with HIV/AIDS to Services Provided at Ahfad University HIV Center in Omdurman Locality
Dalia Younis Adam Dean
Hwiada Mohammed Abu-Baker (PhD)
This study is entitled “perspective of Sudanese women infected with AIDS to services provided at Ahfad HIV Center in Omdurman Locality “. The study objectives were represented by describing the types of services offered for women who are affected by HIV, the perspective of women to the quality of being served by the personnel in Ahfad center according to availability, treatment and benefit, and the challenges women face when using services. The sample consisted of (15) women who are infected with AIDS attending Ahfad AIDS treatment center in Omdurman locality. They have been selected according to purposive sampling method. Questionnaire which was developed by the researcher was used to collect the data. The data was analyzed by the statistical package for social science (SPSS). The study found out several results, the most important one included the fact that the types of services provided in treatment and counselling for women infected with AIDS at Ahfad center include: treatment (medication), information about AIDS and AIDS test and counselling. Ahfad HIV/AIDS center provided individual counselling, and group counselling services for women infected with AIDS in Ahfad center. The main method used in counselling was interview. There are no assistances provided from external agencies for those women. The study recommended that more treatment and counselling centers for AIDS should be established to facilitate access for AIDS services for vulnerable segments in general and women in particular.
Key words: HIV/AIDS, Perspective, Sudanese women.
The Effect of Narrative Exposure Therapy (KIDNET) For Traumatized Children Among Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
Roaa Awad Hamza
Hwiada Mohammed Abubaker
This study is entitled ― Therapeutic Intervention for Traumatized Children Among Internally Displaced Persons (IPDs) By KIDNET Therapy‖. The problem of the study was represented in the fact that the IDPs children experience traumatic events can be subjected to variety of psychologically negative impacts. The study objectives were set to identify the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD symptoms though application of Narrative Exposure Therapy for Kids (KIDNET) by using life line .To explore indicators for some of the symptoms of PTSD among IDPs children, to try to set some recommendations in relation to the findings of these data. The research sample consisted of (4) children who have developed PTSD in Gabarouna area in Omdurman. They have selected purposively. The primary data was obtained by KIDNET, and the secondary data was obtained from books, references and previous studies. The study proved that the KIDNET as therapeutic intervention is very effective in alleviation of traumatic symptoms among the IDPs children. The study recommended that there is urgent need to draw attention of the concerned authorities to establish counseling centers in the peripheries of Omdurman to treat the traumatized children. And raise the awareness of the population in the area with the importance of counseling and psycho-therapy for their traumatized children.
Key words: Therapeutic intervention, IDPs, KIDNET, Traumatized Children .
The psychosocial influence of von Willebrand Disease among women in National Hemophilia center in Khartoum teaching Hospital in Sudan
Maha Musa Ahmed Adam
Dr. Souad Musa Ahmed
This study is entitled The psychosocial influence of von Willebrand Disease among women in National Hemophilia center in Khartoum teaching Hospital in Sudan. The aim of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe the experience of living with vWD and to identify the associated salient issues from the perspectives of people living with von Willebrand‘s Disease (vWD). To achieve these objective seven members of The Haemophilia center took part in a semi-structured interview. The interviews were tape recorded and transcribed and the results subjected to thematic content analysis. Fourteen Questions explored the influence of their condition on their quality of life and that of their family and the main issues faced by women living with von willebrand Disease. The most important of the results showed that Participants described the physical aspects of their condition, such as bleeding into joints, the implications of bleeds and development of co-morbid conditions (e.g. arthritis). Many felt that their bleeding disorder had impacted on their education, work, social activities and family life. Anxiety and depression were associated with daily management of symptoms. The study proved that Living with vWD poses a number of daily and longer-term challenges not only for individuals, but also for their families. The study recommended that There is urgent need to draw attention of the concerned authorities to establish counseling center in National Hemophilia center in Khartoum teaching Hospital in Sudan to treat the people suffering from vWD , and raise the awareness and understanding of the issues faced by people living with vWD is needed for the general public, and healthcare staff, particularly those working in accident and Emergency Departments.
Keywords: von Willebrand; co-morbid; arthritis; Anxiety; depression
Gender Differences in Coping Strategies with Vicarious Trauma among Therapists Working in Hospitals & Centers in Khartoum state
Eshtiag Ibrahim Mohamed Abdelwahab
Dr. Souad Musa
Adolescents use coping strategies, some beneficial and others harmful, to deal with stress. The purpose of this research is to identify the gender differences in coping strategies that therapist’s used to help them to recover from vicarious trauma. The literature in this research is in foreign countries, and no any researches done in Sudan related to this research. A group of 30 therapists engaged in a quantitative method, 15 female, and 15 male. Paulhan coping scale (1994) is used to examine the five levels of coping. Correlation coefficient is used to identify the relationship between genders, years of experience with coping strategies. The result shows that there is no any correlation between years of experience and using the coping strategies ways, but there is inversed relationship in using of social support and self-blame between genders, which indicates that the use of social support and self-blame increased in females and decreased in males.
Key Words: Coping Strategies, Gender Difference, Vicarious Trauma
The Violence Faced By Women Street Foods Vendors and Coping Strategies in Al-Souk Al-Shabby ( Market Omdurman)
Einas Awad Al-Kareem Adam Hamad
Dr. Amal Jabralla SidAhmed
The title of the study is “The Violence Faced by Women Street Food Vendors and their Coping Strategies in Al-Souk Al-Shabby (Market) Omdurman.” The study‟s objectives are: exploring the different types of violence that women street foods vendors face, and to find out the different ways of coping mechanisms that they exercise to overcome this violence. The study was based on a certain hypothesis that women street foods vendors are subjected to frequent violence of different types. Thus, they use different methods of enduring and in turn, overcoming this violence. The sample of the study consist of fifty (50) women, all of whom are street food vendors who are working in Al-Souk Al-Shabby (Market) Omdurman and they are selected according to purposive sampling methods. The researcher developed a questionnaire to cover its objectives, which was used to collect the data. Secondary data was collected from books, previous studies, and online references. The data was analyzed by the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). The study‟s results were presented in table package which reflect different types of violence, sources of violence, and different coping strategies adopted by the respondents. The results indicate that all participants in Al Souk Al Shabby (Market) Omdurman are subjected to various forms of violence, which include: verbal, sexual, emotional, psychological, and financial – mainly by customers and also from local authorities and the Public Order Police. The other important result is that the participants in Al souk Al Shabby (Market) Omdurman employ different strategies to face this violence: patience and endurance, verbal replies, firing person from the place and reporting to the police. The study concludes that all participants were exposed to violence, the most common types of violence used are the verbal and sexual violence and „Kashat‟.
The study recommends that due to the violence faced, they are in need of support and protection from the local authorities and Ministry of Social Development‟s General Administration of Women and family affairs. Support is also needed from non-governmental organizations and the general public. Moreover, raising awareness of the public – especially customers – about the important role of women street food vendors in the lives of their families, as well as their economic contributions, is necessary; this awareness can be used to shift the perception around this sector to recognize it as a vital segment of the urban economy.
Assessing Mental Health Psychosocial Support Services for Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Khartoum State
Enas El-Hadi El-Ameen
Dr. Shahla Mohamed Elhassan Eltayeb
Aim: The purpose of this study is to identify the types of mental health and psychosocial support services that had been provided for refugees and IDPs in Khartoum state & the guidelines followed by the different organizations also to assess the monitoring and evaluations for the available services Further to identify challenges that face institutions during provision of psychosocial support services for refugees and IDPs.Methods: cross-sectional study utilizes a quantitative, descriptive research design to assess the available services involving Governmental & Nongovernmental organizations(I-NGO/NGOs) that provide mental health and psychosocial support services for refugees and IDPs in Khartoum State.The most important findings from the research isorganizations provide MHPSS services, focus on the lower layers of the IASC pyramid namely“community and family support” and “basic needs and security” when we compeer the result with IASC guideline pyramid for emergence we found gapes in services offered in the top two layer of the pyramid (psychosocial support and specialized services). Further, although all agencies included in the study do provide MHPSS only 55% of the service providers are familiar with IASC Guidelines for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergencies.Further the researcher recommend thatall organizations need to ensure that staff involved in policy decisions is Familiar with the IASC guidelines on MHPSS.Conclusion:Mental health and psychosocial support services for refugees and IDPs is mandatory human right, gaps in service provision, quality guidelines and frameworks used is alarming and needs efficient organization coordination.
Key words :Mental Health Psychosocial Support – WHO IASC (Inter Agency Standing Committee) guidelines – Refugees – Interlay Displaced Population’s.